Career planning goes beyond presenting a nice picture that depicts the roadmap from junior towards senior positions. It involves customisation of this roadmap for each individual – matching current and future foreseeable career needs with the options available within and beyond the organisation. It also includes developing necessary competencies for present or future jobs, i.e. the acquisition of knowledge, skills and specific personal attributes.
Before being able to show a Personal Career Development Plan as presented for Nadia Clark, a member of another organisation, Nadia has been crafting her career plan together with her supervisor by completing the following steps:
Step 1: Review Personal Career Aspiration
Understanding personal career vision, passion, strengths and preferred environment
Recognising personal career motivators or anchors
Identifying desired role(s) to progress within short-term and long-term period
Step 2: Identify Capability Gaps
Assessing against required competencies of the desired role(s)
Identifying competency gaps, i.e. strengths and areas for development
Evaluating role readiness
Step 3: Map out a Personal Career Development Plan
Understanding personal learning preference
Setting career development action plan
Agreeing with supervisor on implementation
Designing a Career Roadmap
A career roadmap should be designed with reference to the market benchmark so that employees see their growth and development beyond the organisation they work for. Benchmarks such as required qualification, professional experience and years of service are to be reflected. Additionally, job titles, in particular in today’s competitive environment, should be taken into consideration. Besides this, with the shift towards competency-based human resource management practices, multiple career tracks should be adopted that allow employees with different strengths to grow horizontally rather than on a single vertical career path.
Translating Career Roadmap into Personal Career Development Plan
Step 1: Reviewing Personal Career Aspirations
In order to translate the career roadmap for Nadia, she needs to first explore her career aspirations. During the career exploration stage, questions about her personal gifts, her talents and her passion would be useful to guide her career visioning. Additionally, it might benefit her to analyse personal career motivators (Career Anchors by Edgar Henry Schein) and personality profiles such as DiSC because certain personality characteristics match some roles better than others. Using this helpful information Nadia has specified her short-term career aspiration – usually for a timeframe of 2 to 3 years – as Manager at Human Resource. Additionally, Nadia has stated her long-term career aspiration as Senior Manager at Human Resource that she would like to attain after 4 years.
Step 2: Identifying Capability Gaps
Nadia has assessed her competency level against her current position and has realised that she has some development needs. Additionally, she went through the competency assessment for her short-term career aspiration and detected, not surprisingly, that she needs to build up some vital HR competencies.
Step 3: Establishing a Career Development Plan
At the end of each career planning, personal development actions such as workshops, e-learnings, learning through audio/video resources, learning by doing, coaching, mentoring, project work, attachments or committee assignments etc. have to be considered.
Nadia has, together with her supervisor, selected a list of development activities that will certainly help her to close competency gaps now and for future positions. With a documented plan agreed together with the supervisor, Nadia is now motivated and can use the plan to navigate her learning and growth with the organisation; as for the supervisor, it serves as a good reference for on-going performance coaching and development dialogue to aid her growth in work and life.